The Science and Art of Conservation & Restoration


The  Science  

   The science of conservation and restoration include principles and practices of technical examination, documentation, and treatment for all kinds of artwork. The intention of art conservation and restoration is to improve the condition of an artifact by stabilizing all problems relating to its physical condition and addressing any surface disfigurement arising from deterioration and/or damage. 

In doing so, VENIS STUDIOS strives to retain the original materials, and to employ the best quality materials and the most carefully considered methods.

Scientific Research

The scientific research on the artwork uses scientific techniques and instrumentation to carry out its twofold mission : 

Scientific research is the main principle of restoration and conservation. It deepens the understanding of the main structure and the decay of the artwork.

By understanding the artwork's structure, we can deepen the conservation process and "cure" the impairments of the artwork's initial preservation, bringing the work of art back to life.



Conservation Treatment


Preventive Conservation


Each project begins with an in-depth examination by VENIS STUDIOS

The visual examination, coupled with advanced knowledge of art history and artistic techniques, brings understanding to what the artwork is, how it was made, and its current condition.


Using photo documentation, VENIS STUDIOS prepares detailed condition and treatment reports for each artwork. This documentation becomes a part of the artwork’s permanent record.

Conservation Treatment

Interventive conservation treatments are undertaken to repair, stabilize, or otherwise preserve an artwork. Modern conservation practices approach the original object and the intentions of the person or people who created it with great respect.


The restoration of artwork is performed in order to bring back the original artist’s intention to the viewer. The process involves the repair or renovation of works that have already sustained decay with the attempt to restore them to their original, authentic condition.

Treatments take place with respect to originality and authenticity with special techniques.

Preventive  Conservation

Our cultural heritage is subject to deterioration through external factors, known as

“Agents of Deterioration.” 

Agents of Deterioration: fire, water, direct physical forces, incorrect temperature, incorrect relative humidity, pests/mold, thieves/vandals, dissociation, light, and pollutants. By mitigating the influence of these agents, collections and material can be protected from damage. The actions that mitigate agents of deterioration are called “preventive conservation,” and they include environmental monitoring, integrated pest management, security, storage and display, disaster response, and safe handling techniques.